The Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus) is a small Old World vulture, found widely distributed from southwestern Europe and northern Africa to southern Asia. It is the only living member of the genus Neophron. It has sometimes also been known as the White Scavenger Vulture or Pharaoh's Chicken. Like other vultures it soars on thermals and the underwing black and white pattern and wedge tail make it distinctive. It sometimes uses stones to break the eggs of birds making it one of the few birds that make use of tools. Birds that breed in the temperate region migrate south in winter while tropical populations are relatively sedentary.
Egyptian Vultures are widely distributed and may be found in southern Europe, in northern Africa, and in western and South Asia. Their habitat is mainly in the dry plains and nest mainly in arid and rocky hill regions. It is a rare vagrant in Sri Lanka. Vagrants are sometimes found further north in Europe and in South Africa. European populations have been recorded migrating south into Africa about 3500 to 5500 km, sometimes covering nearly 500 km in a single day. A bird that bred in France migrated south only in its third year. Like many other soaring diurnal migrants, they avoid making long crossings over water. Italian birds cross over through Sicily and into Tunisia over the islands of Marettimo and Pantelleria.
Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egyptian_Vulture - 29.10.2011
The white spring collar effects, that the shiny yellow face looks still barer with the Egytian Vulture.